Country profile

Romania is a unitary semi-presidential republic in southeast Europe. It is ninth largest country of the European Union by area, and has the seventh largest population of the European Union with 20.2 million people. Romania began in 1989 its transition towards democracy and a capitalist market economy. Extensive reforms fostered economic recovery making Romania now an upper middle-income country with high human development.
Romania joined the European Union in 2007.

Policy responses

The issue of health inequalities are currently high on the political agenda within Romania. The overall Romanian policy response is mainly driven at a national level. The policies are designed at the national level, and then applied at the regional and local level. Almost all policies addressing health issues are still under the direct responsibility of the Ministry of Health, though awareness of health issues is being raised amongst other sectors as a result of dialogue among different ministries encouraged by the establishment of inter-ministries committees, which foster cross-governmental collaboration.

An overview of policy responses addressing health inequalities in can be found in our Policy Database.


Good practices

An overview of projects and initiatives that are currently taking place or that have successfully been finalized, and that are addressing health inequality issues, can be found in our Project Database.

Key actors

Please find below an overview of key actors in Romania working on health inequality issues:

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Key resources

Please find below an overview of relevant documents addressing health inequality issues in Romania. Further publications can be found in our Publications Database.

Are you aware of any other key resources that should be added to this list?
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