Country profile

The Republic of Lithuania is a country in northern European with an estimated population of 3.4 million inhabitants. The Lithuanian president is elected directly for a five-year term and is active principally in foreign and security policy. The uni-cameral Lithuanian Parliament, the Seimas, has 141 members. Lithuania declared independence in 1990 and prior to the economic crisis of 2007 – 2010 had one of the fastest growing economies in the European Union. Lithuania joined the EU in 2004.

Policy responses

Health inequalities are on the political agenda in Lithuania, with awareness and understanding of the issue amongst politicians increasing. This is mainly due to European policies and directives that have been put in place, together with WHO advocacy and guidance. Whilst there is no single action plan in place to address the issue of health inequalities there are several cross-sectoral action plans addressing the issue either directly or indirectly which were initiated by either the Ministry of Health or the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. A new public health strategy is currently in development which will explicitly refer to the issue.

An overview of policy responses addressing health inequalities in can be found in our Policy Database.


Good practices

An overview of projects and initiatives that are currently taking place or that have successfully been finalized, and that are addressing health inequality issues, can be found in our Project Database.

Key actors

Please find below an overview of key actors in Lithuania working on health inequality issues:

  • Ministry of Health. The website of the Ministry of Health publishes relevant and useful information about the health system of Lithuania, the organisation of health care in the country and the key decisions of health policy makers.


Are you aware of any other key actors that should be added to this list?
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Key resources

Please find below an overview of relevant documents addressing health inequality issues in Lithuania. Further publications can be found in our Publications Database.

Are you aware of any other key resources that should be added to this list?
Please let us know!

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